The Impact Of Piracy In Film Industry And Indian Economy

Film Industry

Over the years, piracy has badly affected the film, and video production industries and regulatory authorities are active to detect and block such activities. However, people also want to stream copyright content for free, and they are using virtual private networks to escape from monitoring units. Moreover, many phishing and illegal platforms like MyFlixer, ThopTV, 123movies, and TheMovie4U allow users to download and watch copyright movies, web series, and TV shows. 

Piracy can be understood as the unauthorised use of someone else’s intellectual property, production, creation, or concept. It is an unlawful duplication of someone’s innovation and a breach of a person’s copyright. Bollywood is one of the most vulnerable industries to piracy, and India is ranked third in consuming pirated content after the USA and Russia, which are leading countries in piracy. 

A few were back, pirated CDs and DVDs were sold in the market, and there was a high demand for these duplicate movie VCDs among the people. Pirated movie CDs were far cheaper than original VCDs, and it was a vital cause behind the failure of single-screen theatres in India. 

Combating Piracy in India

The government of India has set strict measures to safeguard the interest of content creators and film producers. In 2012, the Indian government amended The Copyright Act and added sections 65 (A) and 65 (B) to eliminate digital piracy. 

Section 65(A) focuses on protecting technical measures of creators, while section 65 (B) was drafted for the protection of rights management information. The Indian judiciary system is following the John Doe orders, and film producers in India are utilising this order to tackle digital privacy. As per this order, film producers can get a website blocked before releasing a new movie, but they have to provide sufficient evidence, and action will be taken after a watchful investigation or scrutiny. 

When a new movie, video or web series is released, the creators retain its copyright and are authorised to sell the distribution rights with specific terms and conditions. But, when this copyright content is made available on different websites to watch and download for users without the creator’s or producer’s consent, it becomes a criminal offence. Everyone involved in this process are punishable. Most users of such platforms are unaware of the fact that watching or downloading copyright videos or movies through these websites could take them behind bars. If the website has the authority or licences to upload that specific movie, then watching or downloading the film through the website is not illegal. 

Popular Piracy Cases in India

  • The online leak of the Udta Punjab movie is one of the foremost cases that reveal movie piracy in India. The movie was leaked digitally two days before its official release. On the film producer’s complaint, The Cyber Crime Cell of Mumbai Police had arrested a 25-year-old man for leaking the movie and charged him under the Information Technology Act. 
  • In 2012, Kerala’s Anti-piracy cell detected more than 1000 IP addresses of people involved in the unlawful uploading and downloading of the movie Bachelor Party. A movie channel that owned the distribution rights of the movie had filed this complaint about this piracy. 
  • In 2015, the Honourable Delhi High Court gave the order to ban a website that was streaming and offering ‘Piku’ movie downloads illegally. The makers of the movie had filed a petition against the same. 

Piracy: A Harmful Bug in the Film Industry

Indian people have a tendency to get entertained for free. They wonder why we spend a substantial amount of money for watching a movie when we can access it for free. India reported 6.5 billion visits to piracy websites and platforms in 2021. This massive number indicates that people are streaming and downloading pirated content to a large extent. However, with the introduction of OTT platforms, these numbers are decreasing. Still, a major part of the audience remains keen to watch content for free, no matter whether it is pirated content or licensed content. 

Closing Words

Piracy is an unlawful activity that is badly affecting our nation’s economy. As responsible citizens, we all must avoid using private websites to watch and download movies, videos or TV shows. There are numerous OTT platforms where you can stream or download original content in different genres that too with an affordable subscription. Apart from that, visiting piracy websites might expose your device to harmful malware and cyber threats. Piracy websites are packed with such elements that may get access to your device and steal valuable or confidential data.  

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